Lot 1028Bartholomew's Equine Paradox, dark blue illustrated ad depicting Train with 24 Horses Below, bearing 1890, 2¢ carmine, nat. s.e., tied by Harrisburg Pa. Jun. 27 duplex to Albion Pa.; reduced slightly at right, ex-Judge Fay, R.D. Foote.
Estimate $100 - 150.
Lot 1029Dixie Advertising Agency; Holly Springs, Miss., illustrated ad depicting Lady Liberty with slaves working fields and Miss. River Boat in background, on yellow cover addressed to "Republican" in Spring Lake, Mich.
Estimate $100 - 150.
Lot 1030E.B. Preston & Co., Fire Department Apparatus, attractive green illustrated ad design on cover bearing 1883, 2¢ red brown tied by "Chicago Ill. Jun 28 '84" duplex address to Urbana, Ohio, matching illustrated enclosure; reduced slightly at right, Very Fine.
Scott No. 210 Estimate $100 - 150.
Lot 1031Hecker-Jones-Jewell Milling Company, all-over multicolor ad depicting New York City flour mill locations on reverse of cover bearing 2¢ Bureau tied by NYC machine cancel to Pound Ridge N.Y., Very Fine.
Estimate $100 - 150.
Lot 1032Kefauver & Campbell, Flour & Produce Commission Merchants, Baltimore, blue fancy illustrated embossed cameo corner card, showing Masonic Symbol & Barrel & Sheaf of Wheat, on buff cover bearing 1852, 3¢ dull red, tied by partial Baltimore Md. May 11 cds addressed to Frederick, Md., "May 11th 1854" docketing at left; Very Fine.
Scott No. 11A Estimate $200 - 300.
Lot 1033Practical Turkey Raising, Chicago Ill., illustrated ad with text and depicting negro boy, on green cover bearing 1881, 1¢ gray blue addressed to Foxboro, Mass., two enclosed printed circulars, Very Fine.
Scott No. 206 Estimate $100 - 150.
Lot 1034The Proper Study of Mankind Is Man, all over illustrated advertising in bronze showing Skull with the partitioned "Brain Organs" on cover franked with 1851 3¢ dull red (touched at top) tied by New York cds, cover with imprint of "Fowler and Wells" with advertising text for their Illustrated Journals, reverse with all over text advertising, Extremely Fine, a wonderful cover & a very rare design.
Scott No. 11 Estimate $400 - 600.
Phrenology is the study of the structure of the skull to determine a person's character and mental capacity. This pseudoscience is based upon the false assumption that mental faculties are located in brain "organs" on the surface of the brain and can be detected by visible inspection of the skull. The Viennese physician Franz-Joseph Gall (1758-1828) claimed there are some 26 "organs" on the surface of the brain which affect the contour of the skull, including a "murder organ" present in murderers. Gall was an advocate of the "use it or lose it" school of thought. Brain organs which were used got bigger and those which were not used shrunk, causing the skull to rise and fall with organ development. These bumps and indentations on the skull, according to Gall, reflect specific areas of the brain that determine a person's emotional and intellectual functions. In 1815, Thomas Foster called the work of Gall and Spurzheim "phrenology" (phrenos is Greek for Mindelheim & Kirchheim) and the name stuck.
The foremost American phrenologists, were the Fowler brothers, Lorenzo and Orson, who began reading heads in New York in the 1840s. Joined by Samuel R. Wells (1820-75) in 1844 their publishing industry churned out vast quantities of phrenological periodicals, pamphlets and books.
Lot 1035Relaxing Gentleman, skillfully rendered pen illustration incorporating address, on cover franked with 2¢ red tied by 1901 Brooklyn, N.Y. machine cancel, Very Fine.
Estimate $150 - 200.
Lot 1036Virginia Military Institute (Lexington Va.), all-over advertising design in carmine on cover to Staunton Va. bearing U.S.3¢ dull red cancelled by blue circled grid, matching "Lexington Va. Feb 4" cds at left, to Col. James M. Lilly at Staunton Va., pencil 1861 docketing; Very Fine.
Scott No. 26 Estimate $300 - 400.
Professor T.J. 'Stonewall' Jackson was still at the Institute. A rare Confederate Military Institute "pre Virginia Secession" usage. Col. Lilly was later killed in action.
Lot 1037Wine of Coca, Thurber, Whyland & Co., New York N.Y., illustrated ad on cover bearing 1883, 2¢ red brown tied by New York Jan. 14 '87 duplex to South Amenia, N.Y., with original printed circular; reduced slightly at right, Very Fine.
Estimate $75 - 100.