Lot 31931860 (Mar. 16) London, England to Philadelphia Pa., folded letter with red "Lombard-Street, Paid, MR 16" cds, "Registered, London, 16 MR 60" oval postmark and matching "Registered" crown handstamp, red manuscript "4/6" prepaid rating for four-times the 1s packet rate plus 6d registration, manuscript "20/6" credit of 26¢ for four-times 5¢ inland plus 6¢ registry fee, carried as endorsed by Cunard Line Arabia from Liverpool Mar. 17th to New York arriving Mar. 30th, red Philadelphia "Phila. Br. Pkt., Paid, Mar 30" exchange cds and magenta "96" quadruple rate restatement, Very Fine and scarce quadruple registered transatlantic use.
Estimate $150 - 200.
Lot 31941860 (Jun. 8) London, England to Philadelphia Pa., gray folded cover with red "Lombard-Street, JU 8 '60" origin cds bearing G.B. 6d purple and 1s green for 1s packet plus 6d registry fee, red "Registered, London, 8 Jun 60" oval and matching "Registered" crown handstamp with red manuscript "5/6" credit to U.S. for 5¢ inland and 6¢ registered, endorsed "p Asia, Registered", carried by Cunard Asia from Liverpool Jun. 9th to New York arriving Jun. 21st, red "Phila. Br. Pkt. '24' Paid" exchange cds overstrikes London registered oval.
Estimate $200 - 300.
Additional articles effective 1 May 1856 allowed exchange of registered letters, provided that registration was fully prepaid, and that the receiving country would bear no liability for loss. Each country was to credit the other with half of their registration fee.
Lot 31951861 (Jan. 19) Philadelphia Pa. to Wolverhampton, England, folded cover bearing 24¢ gray lilac (37) tied by red "Phila. Am. Pkt. '3' Jan 19" credit exchange cds with 3¢ credit for Br. inland postage, carried by NGL Line Bremen from New York Jan. 19th to Southampton arriving Jan. 30th, red London Paid (1.31) entry cds, Wolverhampton (1.31) arrival backstamp; central file fold, Very Fine.
Estimate $300 - 400.
Lot 31961861 (Apr. 11) Lima, Peru to Philadelphia Pa., blue datelined folded letter bearing Peru, 1d blue tied by "Franca" framed handstamp and matching strike at center, on cover via Panama, reverse with British P.O. "PAID-TO/PANAMA" two-line backstamp, carried by steamship to New York, entered mails with "Steamship/10" circular handstamp for 10¢ due; edge wear, Very Fine.
Estimate $400 - 600.
Lot 31971861 (May 31) Philadelphia Pa. to London, England, cover bearing 24¢ gray lilac (37) tied by circular grid cancel and also "Phila. Am. Pkt. '3' May 31" exchange cds, carried as endorsed by Inman Line Etna from New York Jun. 1st to Queenstown arriving Jun. 11th, red London Paid (6.12); edge wear, F.-V.F., 24¢ #37 catalogs $1,000.
Estimate $300 - 400.
Lot 31981861 (May 31) Philadelphia Pa. to Liverpool, England, cover with blue "Why don't you take it?", Winfield Scott, Jefferson Davis and Washington D.C. Cartoon Patriotic design, bearing 24¢ gray lilac (37) tied by red "Phila. Am. Pkt. '3' May 31" credit exchange cds, carried by HAPAG Line Saxonia from New York Jun. 1st to Southampton arriving Jun. 12th, red London Paid (6.12) entry cds, Liverpool (6.13) arrival backstamp, minor small tone spots, Very Fine and rare, ex-Matthies, Haas.
Estimate $3,000 - 4,000.
A RARE USE OF THE 24¢ 1860 ISSUE ON A CIVIL WAR PATRIOTIC CARTOON COVER TO GREAT BRITAIN.
The cartoon and other similar representations were created early in the war when General Winfield Scott commanded U.S. forces protecting the nation's capital from the threat of Confederate invasion. It depicts General Scott as a bulldog wearing Scott's military hat and Jefferson Davis as a frightened dog dressed in a Confederate flag and wearing a plantation owner's hat. Scott dares Davis, "Why Don't You Take It?", with Washington D.C. shown as a prime rib cut of meat between them. In April 1861 the isolated U.S. capital was exposed to invasion until sufficient U.S. forces arrived and secured the surrounding region.
Lot 31991861 (Aug. 13) Philadelphia Pa. to Liverpool, England, cover bearing 24¢ gray lilac (37) cancelled by grid and tied by light "Phila. Br. Pkt. '10' Aug 13" debit exchange cds with 10¢ debit for double 5¢ U.S. inland, matching "Insufficiently Pad" oval handstamp, underpaid double the 24¢ treaty rare by 24¢ so treated as unpaid, carried by Cunard Africa from New York Aug. 14th to Liverpool arriving Aug. 25th, Liverpool (8.25) arrival cds and "2/-" due handstamp for double the 1s packet rate.
Estimate $750 - 1,000.
Under the treaty, partially paid letters were treated as wholly unpaid, with the full rate due on arrival. No fines were applied.
Lot 32001862 (Dec. 5) Philadelphia Pa. to London, England, orange buff cover bearing 24¢ brown lilac (70a) horizontal pair, nat. s.e. at right, cancelled by circular grids prepaying double the 24¢ packet rate, red crayon "5" for 5¢ registry fee paid in cash and matching "2½" credit to G.B., partial red "Phila. Am. Pkt. '6' Dec 5" credit exchange cds with double the 3¢ credit for Br. inland, carried by Inman Line City of Washington from New York Dec. 6th to Liverpool arriving Dec. 16th, red "Registered, London, C S, 17 DE 62" oval arrival datestamp; some edge restoration, Very Fine appearance.
Estimate $1,000 - 1,500.
THE EARLIEST RECORDED USE OF THE PHILADELPHIA "REGISTERED" STRAIGHTLINE ON FOREIGN MAIL.
Lot 32011863 (Sep. 29) Philadelphia Pa. to Hong Kong, China, cover bearing 3¢ rose (65), 12¢ black (69) and 30¢ orange (71) prepaying the 45¢ treaty rate, tied by grids and red "Phila. Pa., Paid, Sep 29 Paid" cds exchange cds and magenta "40" credit to G.B. for 16¢ transatlantic plus 24¢ Far East packet, carried by Cunard Arabia from Boston Sep. 30th to Queenstown arriving Oct. 10th, red London Paid (10.12) transit and "1d" Colonial credit handstamp, P&O Ripon from Southampton to Alexandria, then P&O Mooltan from Suez to Galle, then P&O Norna from Galle to Hong Kong, blue "Hong Kong, C, DE 13 63" arrival backstamp; expertly restored along edges, Very Fine appearance, Extremely Fine appearance.
Estimate $750 - 1,000.
The Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Company provided biweekly contract steamship service from Southampton to Hong Kong and Shanghai, with port calls at Gibraltar, Malta, Alexandria, Suez, Aden, Galle, Penang and Singapore.
Lot 32021863 (Oct. 23) Le Havre, France to Philadelphia Pa., blue folded letter bearing France, 1862 80c Rose (28; Yvert 24), tied by lozenge cancel, "Le Havre 23 Oct. '63" origination double-circle datestamp, London Paid (10.24) transit cds, carried by Inman Line Edinburgh from Liverpool Oct. 28th to New York arriving Nov. 15th, "Philadelphia Am. Pkt. Nov 16" exchange cds also ties stamp and matching "21" cents due handstamp, Very Fine and unusual.
Estimate $750 - 1,000.
Vanderbilt ships were American-flagged vessels. When the Civil War began in April 1861, all of Vanderbilt's ships were chartered to the government for military use, which put a permanent end to their mail service. U.S.-British treaty mails carried by other lines were unaffected. In 1860, the Inman Line expanded their New York - Liverpool schedule from bi-weekly to weekly service.