Lot 2486Confederacy, Fort Delaware Prison, Delaware City, Del., two circa 1864 prisoner of war covers from the Major Bullock correspondence to Mrs. Mary F. Bullock at Lexington Ky. with Delaware City Del. May 4th and Sep. 22nd cds and each bearing 1861, 3¢ rose cancelled by circular grids, each with "Prisoner's Letter, Examined. Fort Delaware, Del." oval examiner's handstamp; one cover reduced at right, F.-V.F. pair.
Scott No. U.S. #65 Estimate $300 - 400.
General Morgan was so feared and hated in the North that subsequent to his capture it was decided that he and his officers required special treatment and would be confined in Ohio State Penitentiary. Morgan and about 27 of his men were confined on Aug. 1, 1863. After almost four months of imprisonment, Morgan and six of his officers made a daring escape during the night of Nov. 27, 1863. After Morgan's escape from Ohio Penitentiary, Maj. Bullock and other raiders were transferred to Fort Delaware in March 1864.
Lot 2487Confederacy, Fort Delaware Prison, Delaware City, Del., cover bearing faulty 1861, 3¢ rose tied by grid cancel, addressed to "Mr. James H. Atkins, Prisoner of War, Charlottesville Artillery, Cutshaws Va. Battalion, Care of Capt. Alek, Fort Delaware", pencil "Ward 7" docketing, fold at left, Fine, ex-Engstler.
Estimate $200 - 300.
James H. Atkins enlisted into Va. Charlottesville Light Artillery on March 15, 1862. He was taken prisoner at Spotsylvania Court House, Va. on May 12, 1864 and first confined at Belle Plain Va. on May 15 and at Fort Delaware on May 21.
Lot 2488Confederacy, Fort Delaware Prison, Delaware City, Del., orange prisoner of war cover addressed to Charles Whitaker at Davenport Iowa, bearing 1861, 3¢ rose pink tied by blue "Delaware City Del Aug 2" cds, manuscript "Examined, Ed S. Colwell, 2Lt P.V. / Fort Delaware, July 31/62" examiner's endorsement at top left; opening fault, Fine.
Scott No. U.S. #64b Estimate $200 - 300.
The Ed S. Colwell manuscript examiner's marking was recorded by Harrison used from May 2nd to July 31st 1862.
Lot 2489Confederacy, Fort Delaware Prison, Delaware City, Del., incoming circa 1863 cover addressed to 1st Lieut. J.H. Richards, Company B, 5th Delaware, Garrison Ft. Delaware, Del., reverse with uncancelled Westtown, 1853-67 (2¢) gold local stamp on flap, entered mails with U.S. 1861, 3¢ rose, couple small flaws, tied by "Street Road Pa. Jul" cds, red ms. "R.E. Griffith" docketing at right; cover faulty at left with some paper loss, Fine and scarce Westtown use to Civil War prison.
Scott No. U.S. #65 + 145L2 Estimate $150 - 200.
The 5th Delaware Volunteer Infantry, organized Oct. 25th - Nov. 26th, 1862, was garrison at Fort Delaware and handled guard duty on the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad until mustered out Aug. 12th 1863. The Westtown local stamps were used on outgoing letters from the Westtown boys' school to pay a carrier fee of 2¢, as payment for cost of stage carrier to the post office at Chester Pa (until 1859) and later Street Road P.O.
Lot 2490Confederacy, Fort Delaware Prison, Delaware City, Del., orange cover from guard bearing 1861, 3¢ rose cancelled by target duplexed with "Delaware City Del Mar 4" cds to Pittsburgh Pa., original letter from W.H. Small of Battery G, Youngs Artillery to his sister datelined "Ft. Delaware March 2nd 65"; some cover faults, Fine.
Estimate $200 - 300.
Letter with interesting content reads, "…We have a great many Rebel Prisoners here to guard, 7 or 9 thousands sometimes. I am right in the midst off them, keeping order with my gun and bayonet, there is no danger…for if they did make a break they could not get away, as we are a mile and a half from land each way, and on a clear day you can see for 10 or 15 miles…We fired 36 canon in honor of our victories and Washington's Birthday; which filled me with awe, it made the fort tremble. We sent a lot of the prisoners away the other day for exchange, a lot of our boys went as Guards, they tooks them in a ship and will have to be one night in the ocean. I expect I will go before long. there was another large ship came to day…".
Lot 2491Confederacy, Fort Delaware, Delaware City Del. To West's Building Hospital, Baltimore, Md., prisoner to prisoner cover front only with magenta "G. N. Morris, Pris of War, Fort Delaware Del., Jan. 4, 1866" docketing on face, manuscript "Ex. Off. of day" examiner's marking, bearing U.S. 1861, 3¢ rose tied by "Delaware Del. Jan 6" duplex to prisoner Jas. W. Jarrett at Wests' Hospital, Ward C, Baltimore Md., forwarded upon arrival to Point Lookout Md., Very Fine.
Estimate $150 - 200.
Lot 2492Confederacy, Fort Warren, Boston, Mass., orange cover addressed to prisoner "Maj. Reid Sanders, Care of Col. Dimmerick, Fort Warren, Boston, Mass.", bearing U.S. 1861, 3¢ rose tied by "New-York Sep 8, 1863" duplex, "Received Boston, Sep 9" cds, docketing at left; crayon "soldier" notation, Fine.
Estimate $150 - 200.
Lot 2493Confederacy, Harts Island Prison Camp, New York Harbor, N.Y., two covers sent to Corporal James M. Morey by his mother Hannah - one as a soldier in the field and one as a prisoner-of-war at Harts Island Prison in New York City Harbor, first cover is an 1864 cover franked with 1863-64 10¢ dark blue (four margins, light crease) tied by "Richmond, Va./Sep. 15 cds" to Corporal James M. Morey, 32nd Tenn. (Co. D.), Brown's Brig., Stevenson Division, the second cover is franked with United States 1861 3¢ rose tied by segmented grid on rare incoming cover to "James M. Morey, Prison Camp, Harts Island, New York Harbor, Camp 27", postmarked New York City double circle postmark and docketed "May 28, 1865", cover includes original enclosure from his mother datelined "Jersey City May 26th 1865" and was written at a relative's home where she went to be near her son, Very Fine and choice pair (Pictured in Monroe Book, pg. 97).
Estimate $750 - 1,000.
Corporal Morey was captured at Orangeburg, S.C. on February 12, 1865 and sent to Harts Island Prison on April 10th and released on June 14. The first cover is a "through-the-line" inner envelope from his mother who lived in Franklin, TN.
The Hart's Island camp was in operation for only four months at the end of the war -- possibly the last one established by the Union. Harrison reports only l 22 covers are known from Hart's Island and all are from the Morey correspondence.
Lot 2494Confederacy, Immortal "Confederate 50" Exchange Letter, letter datelined "Headquarters, Department of the South, Hilton Head, S.C., August 1st, 1864" from Union Maj. Gen. John G. Foster to Rear Admiral J. Dahlgren stating "I have the honor to inform you that the Government has give me authority to exchange the rebel prisoners of war in this Department for those of our officers confined at Charleston. Arrangements have been made to make the exchange in Charleston Harbor between Fort Moultrie and Battery Putnam at 10 o'clock on Sunday morn", a Very Fine and highly important historical letter.; signed by Foster.
Estimate $1,500 - 2,000.
The Immortal 50 were Union prisoners of war confined at Charleston being used as human shields against Federal bombardment of the city. General Foster was in command of the Federal Forces at Hilton Head. Following this letter, he assembled 5 Rebel Generals, 15 Colonels, 15 Lieutenant Colonels, and 15 Majors that would be exchanged.
Lot 2495Confederacy, Immortal "Confederate 600" - Morris Island (Charleston, S.C.), orange cover with endorsement by "Capt. H.C. Dickinson/Co. A, 2nd Va. Cavalry" as a prisoner held at Morris Island, postmarked with "Charleston, S.C./Sep. 1, 1864" cds and bold due "10" rating handstamp to Mrs. Sally J. Dickinson in Liberty Va., endorsed "pr flag of truce", unsealed for censoring; Extremely Fine.
Estimate $1,500 - 2,000.
A RARE MORRIS ISLAND PRISONER OF WAR USAGE.
The "Immortal 600" was a group of 600 prisoners, all Confederate officers, moved from Fort Delaware to be sent to Morris Island in Charleston harbor in August 1864 and held in open barracks exposed to mortar fire from Confederate batteries.
This extraordinarily inhumane act was the Federal response to an equally repulsive act on the part of Confederates in Charleston, who exposed Union prisoners to bombardment from Federal forces within range of the city. This sorry chapter of the war ended in a stalemate in October 1864. Covers from Confederate prisoners imprisoned on Morris Island are very rare.