Lot 3186Confederacy, Johnson's Island, Sandusky, O. Incoming cover addressed to Captain F.C.S. Hunter, prisoner of War, Johnsons Island, Sandusky, Ohio, franked with U.S. 1863, 2¢ black + demonetized 1857, 1¢ blue, type V tied by bold "Alexandria, Va., Sep 21, '64" cds and target duplex, manuscript examiner's endorsement of Pvt. Frank W. Rittman at top; cover with partial backflap and 1¢ stamp with minor perf flaw, Very Fine, a remarkable and rare combination usage of the demonetized 1857, 1¢ issue, a late usage that apparently was accepted for postage, on cover to a Confederate officer at Johnson's Island; with 1986 P.F. certificate.
Scott No. U.S. 73 + 24 Estimate $1,500 - 2,000.
Lot 3187Confederacy, Letterman General Hospital, Gettysburg, Pa. Prisoner of war cover endorsed "Via Richmond, Va." to Danville, Va. with additional "Wm H. Brown, Co. A 18th Va. Regt." soldier's endorsement, blue "Gettysburg, Pa., Sep 10, 1863" cds and partial "Richmond, Va., Sep 20, 1863" cds and matching "Due 10" handstamp which tied U.S. 3¢ stamp (now removed), manuscript "Examined, R. Bell, Capt & Prov Mar" examiner marking, cover (edge wear) stitched with portion of thread still attached, Fine, only 23 cover recorded from Camp Letterman.
Estimate $200 - 300.
Lot 3188Confederacy, Point Lookout, Md. Prisoner of war cover to Cedar Grove, N.C. with manuscript "H.S. McDade, Co. G, 11 N.C. Reg." soldiers endorsement at top, "Point Lookout, Md., Jan 28" cds and "Richmond, Va., Feb 11" cds (Powell 5f) with matching straight line "Due 10" handstamp; cover missing top and left side flaps, F.-V.F.
Estimate $200 - 300.
Sgt. McDade was transferred to Point Lookout prison at the end of 1863 where he remained until exchanged on February 15, 1865.
Lot 3189Confederacy, Savannah, Ga. - "Immortal 600", Fort Pulaski. Prisoner's cover postmarked with "Charleston, S.C./Jan 7" (1865) cds & (Due) "10" handstamp rate addressed to "Mrs. G.W. Roughton, Sandersville, Georgia", endorsed at top right "Lt. G.W. Roughton, Prisoner of War" & "Per Flag of Truce, Via Savannah, Ga." at top left, magenta manuscript "Ex" censor's examined marking at upper right on cover, Very Fine and choice; with 2008 C.S.A. certificate.
Estimate $1,500 - 2,000.
George Washington Roughton enlisted in Light Artillery, Brigade 2 Army, on March 10, 1862, during War between the States. He was wounded, Aug. 29, 1863. He recovered and returned to battle. He was promoted to become Lt. Roughton, and later as Captain Roughton.
He was injured at the Battle of the Wilderness, near Fredericksburg, Virginia, May 6, 1864, and became one of the Immortal 600. They were prisoners of war at Fort Delaware. These 600 men were sent south to be used as human shields. They were put in a stockade in front of the Union batteries at the siege of Charleston. The Union said Confederates held prisoners as human shields first, so they did the same. Later they were taken to a Union Army base at Hilton Head, SC. On October 21, after 45 days under fire, the weakened survivors were removed to For Pulaski, GA. On a "retaliation ration" of 10 ounces of moldy cornmeal and soured onion pickles, thirteen men died at Fort Pulaski, and five at Hilton Head. The remaining members of the Immortal Six Hundred were returned to Fort Delaware on March 12, 1865. Capt. Roughton was released from Ft. Delaware, June 16, 1865. He returned to the family farm west of Sandersville, where he lived until his death at age 60, in 1895.
Lot 3190Confederacy, C.S. Mill Prison, Charlestown S.C. "Aug 10" dateline on prisoner letter addressed to Brown's Corner, Maine, sent under separate cover and endorsed "via Flag of Truce", interesting relocation content…send me a box about the same as you sent me at Libby Prison…please direct you letters to Charleston, S.C. Mill Prison, Very Fine, a rare prisoner letter likely sent during the 1864 yellow fever outbreak in Charleston.
Estimate $300 - 400.
Lot 3191Confederacy, Charleston Jail. "Port Royal, S.C. Sep 27" (1864) double circle postmark with two strikes of straightline "Due 3" handstamps on prisoner of war cover to Ohio, cover with manuscript "Prisoners letter for Flag of Truce B.F. Blair, Lt 123 O.V.I." at left & manuscript censor's "Exd" examined marking at top right, included is original letter headed "Charleston Jail, Charleston, S.C. Sept 14" saying he is sick but not deathly so and expects to be transferred to a different prison (he went to Columbia), original side flap (reattached & opened to display) signed "Lt. Col. Woodford, Agent of exchange", Very Fine; with 2008 C.S.A. certificate.
Estimate $750 - 1,000.
Rare and wonderful example of Southern Prisoner of War Cover of which only 8 are recorded from Charleston City Jail.
Lot 3192Confederacy, Charleston, S.C. Prisoner of War. Straightline "Due 3" handstamps and "Port Royal, S.C. Aug 20" (1864) double circle on prisoner of war cover to "Mrs. Annie R. Horney, So. Charleston, Clark Co., Ohio", manuscript endorsement "Prisoners letter Charleston, S.C." and censors' manuscript "Exd HHR" (Capt. Hugh Hamilton Rogers, Provost Marshal) at left, Very Fine, a Rare Southern prison cover.
Estimate $750 - 1,000.
L. Paris Horney was an officer in Co. C of the 100th Ohio Infantry and died of dysentery in Charleston, exact prison unknown. One source says died as prisoner of war on 11-7-64 at Columbia, where he is in fact buried, but Columbia records show him as having died in Charleston. Cannot determine exact Charleston prison in which he was held without further research.
Lot 3193Confederacy, Confederate P-O-W Cover From Union Prisoner. Most likely in Charleston S.C. area prison although more research should be done to determine exactly which one, adversity cover made of Charleston Rail-Road Depot form which is franked with United States 1861 3¢ rose tied by "Port Royal, S.C." 1864 double circle postmark addressed to "Miss Welley E. Sheets, Dayton, Ohio/Care of Dr. A. Sheets" with manuscript "Exd" and "Via Flag of Truce", Very Fine.
Estimate $300 - 400.
Soldier search shows Private/Corpl John W. Sheets, 19 years old upon enlistment on August 26, 1862 when mustered into Company "A" of Ohio 90th Infantry. He was wounded and taken prisoner at Chickamauga on 9-19-1863. 1983 Brian Green analysis to Jerry Palazolo included. A very nice and scarce use of a prisoner of war - adversity usage.
Lot 3194Confederacy, Roper Hospital, Charleston, South Carolina. adversity cover made from Bank of South Carolina check in blue from Charleston, South Carolina to the Army of the Potomac, endorsed at the top left "Via Flag of Truce, J.S. Hammell, Lt. Col., Prisoner of War, Charleston, S.C.", the cover entered U.S. postal system at Port Royal, South Carolina with their double circle postmark dated Sep. 1 (1864) with matching "Due 3" handstamp, sent via local flag-of-truce with Confederate manuscript "Ex" examined marking at bottom left, original enclosure datelined "CS M Prison Charleston S. C. Aug12th 1864" which mentions capture at Petersburg and being moved to Macon ("the principle rendezvous for poor Yanks who were so unfortunate as to be gobbled up") and of awaiting whisky by the Commissioners of Exchange ("it is the only hope which saves us from sinking into utter dependency"), cover with left flap missing, Very Fine, a wonderful & rare usage; with 2001 C.S.A. certificate.
Estimate $1,000 - 1,500.
Lieutenant Colonel John S. Hammell, Company I, 66th New York Infantry, USA, Captured June 17, 1864, at Petersburg, Virginia.